• UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    What a way to start off the season! @UCSBMensSoccer tops No.5 Stanford 1-0 Friday. RECAP >>> http://t.co/gPhjHwqFP0 http://t.co/z7Z90RLG5D
    17 hours 14 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    The Gauchos start the 2015 season off in style, hold No. 8 Stanford scoreless to win 1-0. @UCSBMensSoccer first win over Stanford since 2004
    18 hours 24 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    Stanford trying desperately to get on the board but UCSB's backline can't be beat. Gauchos lead 1-0 with 5 minutes to go
    18 hours 31 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    Ahinga Selemani beats his defender to set up Geoffrey Acheampong beautifully in the box, but the lefty's shot goes wide of the post
    18 hours 57 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    Stanford with a pair of good chances with just under 30 minutes to go but UCSB still finds a way to keep them off the board and lead 1-0
    19 hours 2 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    .@UCSBMensSoccer leading No. 8 Stanford 1-0 at the half thanks to a goal by who else, Nick DePuy. Great first half for the Gauchos
    19 hours 31 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    GOAL! Seo-In Kim sends a cross far post and Nick DePuy heads it in to put the Gauchos up 1-0 with 3 minutes left in the half
    19 hours 39 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    Women's Soccer: San Jose State 1, UC Santa Barbara 1 (Final - 2OT) UCSB, San Jose State Battle to 1-1 Tie http://t.co/KolrGPE4AY
    19 hours 51 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    Big save by Vom Steeg to keep the game scoreless! 25 min left in 1st half @UCSBMensSoccer
    20 hours 3 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    Stanford has the advantage in the run of play through 10 minutes but it's still 0-0. @UCSBMensSoccer
    20 hours 12 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    WVB: UCSB Opens Season with Back-to-Back Sweeps! #GoGauchos http://t.co/yye1PtugDW
    20 hours 40 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    Heres UCSB's starting lineup against Stanford: Vom Steeg, Quezada, Strong, Backus, Jome, Espana, Feucht, Murphy, Acheampong, Selemani, DePuy
    20 hours 40 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    Don't miss @UCSBMensSoccer season opener against Stanford. Kickoff in 10 minutes!
    20 hours 48 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    @UCSBWomenSoccer ties San Jose St. 1-1 in home season opener behind early goal by Mallory Hromatko
    20 hours 57 min ago
  • UCSBgauchos twitter avatar
    RT @UCSB_Volleyball: Make that two sweeps on opening day! We topped UIW 3-0 and are now 2-0!… https://t.co/iybbM7N1tn
    21 hours 31 min ago

_x000B_BUTTERFLIES MOVE NORTH DUE TO GLOBAL WARMING

Thursday, June 10, 1999 - 17:00
Santa Barbara, CA

A study published in the June 10 issue of the journal Nature clearly demonstrates changes in species ranges as butterflies shift north to track a changing climate as the planet warms up.

Camille Parmesan, Ph.D., who conducted the research while she was a post-doctoral fellow at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis at the University of California, Santa Barbara, has filled an important gap with this new multi-species study. Previously she had studied one species, the Edith's checkerspot, which is particularly sensitive to climate, and has also moved northward in the Western United States.

Parmesan and her co-investigators found that out of 57 species studied in Europe and North Africa, 35 of which there were data for both the northern and southern range boundaries, two thirds had shifted northward.

Most of the remaining one third remained stable. "This puts the nail in the coffin," said Parmesan of the results. "It's black and white."

"These findings are highly significant," she explained. "They are definitely not random results."

Parmesan went all over Europe to find historical data as well as current data from government monitoring projects. While at the British Museum she joined forces with scientist John Tennent who had just finished an exhaustive study of butterflies of Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria, and was able to include his results in the study.

The 22 (out of 35) species that shifted northward, moved between 35 to 240 kilometers over this century, according to Parmesan. This corresponds in magnitude to the shift in temperature isotherms of .8 degrees of warming that have occurred in this century in Europe.

Parmesan was able to account for land use changes in several ways, in order to rule it out as a variable. She says, "We selected species least likely to have been affected by modern habitat alterations. For Great Britain, we tested whether this selection might have biased our conclusion. We reanalyzed the data to incorporate all 38 non-migratory species that have northern boundaries within Great Britain, including those known to be severely habitat-restricted or to have suffered severe habitat loss. We still found 47 percent with northward extension and only 8 percent with southward retraction in the past 30 years."

She went on to say that her research has implications for many climate-sensitive organisms including beetles, grasshoppers, rodents and frogs. She concludes, "Given the relative slight warming in this century compared with predicted increases of 2.1 to 4.6 degrees Centigrade for the next century, our data indicate that future climate warming could become a major force in shifting species' distribution."

NCEAS is a think tank established in June 1995, at the University of California, Santa Barbara, to advance the state of ecological knowledge by identifying general patterns and principles and by organizing and synthesizing ecological information in a manner useful to researchers, resource managers, and policy makers. It is funded by the National Science Foundation with approximately $10 million over a period of five years.

After reading this article I feel